Nuclear Policy

Europe’s Nuclear Energy Vulnerability

While a ban on Russian oil and gas is being actively discussed in the EU and US, there is no such conversation about the civil nuclear energy supply chain from Russia to Western countries. Rosatom’s supply and construction contracts in Europe have so far allowed it to avoid sanctions. Europe’s energy conversation will also need to include its dependence on Russia’s nuclear capacity.

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NATO’s Hypersonic Challenge

Russia is investing in the development of a variety of hypersonic delivery systems. These can travel to targets at five or more times the speed of sound, elude defences by evasive manoeuvring, and deliver munitions with great precision.

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Dead Man Walking: Time to Put the INF Treaty to Rest?

There is a high probability that the Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF Treaty) will be terminated within the next 12 months. European countries need to assess the consequences for their national and regional security as well as the impact on wider international security.

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A Plausible Scenario of Nuclear War in Europe, and How to Deter It

A special issue of Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists published an article co-authored by ICDS Director Jüri Luik and Head of Studies Tomas Jermalavičius on a plausible scenario of a limited nuclear war in Europe and on the need for the Alliance to further strengthen the deterrence posture in the Baltic area, placing a particular emphasis on deterrence by denial in order to avoid such a scenario.

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