Energy Security

A Keynote Speech by Sorin Ducaru, Assistant Secretary General, NATO

On 7 June Ambassador Sorin Ducaru, Assistant Secretary General, Emerging Security Challenges, NATO, gave a keynote speech at ICDS. Ambassador Ducaru outlined NATO’s response to emerging threats in the context of upcoming NATO Summit in Warsaw, focusing on energy security, non-prolifiration, CBRN, counter-terrorism and cyber defence.

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Impacts of Climate Policy on Estonian Energy Security

ICDS researchers took a close look at the Estonia’s energy security, current challenges it faces to meet the climate targets and possible outcomes of the climate policies implementation on security of energy supplies and sustainability. The report provides an overview and in depth analyses of possible measures for future implementation of Climate policy guidelines developed by the working group assembled by the Ministry of Environmental Affairs. Authors highlight the importance to count both costs and security effects and understand relative importance of certain areas to ensure balanced climate policy implementation.

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Emmet Tuohy, International Centre for Defence and Security: There Should Be a Continuing Role for Russian Gas in Europe’s Future Energy Mix

Tallinn, the far north of Europe, is home to the International Centre for Defence and Security, where Emmet Tuohy, a U.S. expert on Europe’s energy security, has worked since 2012. We met with Tuohy at a recent panel discussion on energy security which was part of Balkan SAYS, a youth seminar organised in Bled, Slovenia, by the Euro-Atlantic Council of Slovenia, to discuss both the importance of Europe-Russia cooperation on gas and energy (in)dependence of EU Member States, attempting to draw parallels between the Baltic states in the north and Balkan countries in the south. According to Tuohy, Turkish Stream could serve as an alternative to South Stream for the latter, although the Eastring project could be an even more effective solution, while LNG terminals are “a fantastic way of increasing security and diversity of supply in Europe”. In the following interview, Tuohy also compared the U.S. and EU energy transitions, saying that the electric car industry is likely to develop faster in the U.S.

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Trends in Estonian Oil Shale Utilization

Extensive use of oil shale is the unique and defining quality of the Estonian energy system. The oil shale sector accounts for 4% of Estonian GDP and places Estonia among the most energy independent countries of Europe. These benefits, however, come with an environmental cost. Over the coming decades, Estonia must continue to balance the domestic economic and security benefits of oil shale with its increasing international environmental obligations.

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Nord Stream Two in Ukrainian Perspective

At Russia’s initiative, the Nord Stream Two natural gas pipeline project has advanced from agreements of intent to a binding agreement; and Gazprom has formed the project consortium with several major European energy companies. Planned to connect Russia with Germany through the Baltic Sea by 2019, Nord Stream Two would double the Nord Stream system’s overall capacity to 110 billion cubic meters (bcm) of Russian gas per year, potentially replacing Ukraine as the main transit route for Russian gas to Europe.

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