November 10, 2014

Summary

In the opening article of the October number of Diplomaatia the security expert Richard Weitz explores the relationships between NATO and the partners of the alliance.

According to Weitz NATO has developed an extensive partnership program since the Cold War. “The alliance now has some two dozen official national partners and is developing ties with more countries as well as international institutions. Partners contribute capabilities, money, and legitimacy to NATO activities. They have provided thousands of troops to support NATO in Afghanistan and in the Balkans, air support in Libya, and support to other NATO projects. But managing such a diverse portfolio of partners presents challenges,” concludes the author. “Looking ahead, NATO will need to decide how to respond to countries seeking to join NATO as full members (like Georgia). NATO leaders have continued to insist that the alliance maintains an open door to new members, refusing to reward Russian aggression or let Moscow define any membership enlargement as a provocation.”
The energy security expert Andres Mäe analyses the options Ukraine has for increasing the existing natural gas supplies in the country and replacing natural gas in order to survive the coming winter with as little losses as possible. Mäe states that, in reality, there is no certainty as to whether and how Ukraine will cope during the coming heating period. “Saving gas means a lower room temperature for the residents and stoppages for industries dependent upon natural gas” states the author.
The journalist Peeter Raudsik explores the security situation of Iraq in the light of the attack of the terrorist organisation Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. He claims that the Iraqi state is not likely to fall apart; the final solution of the ISIS issue presumes decisive action in Syria, which has become a refuge for the extremists. “The region can expect no peace until the issue of Syria has been solved. Quite the contrary—the clashes between various groupings are most likely to continue.”
Diplomaatia also publishes the full translation of George F. Kennan`s “long telegram”—a policy memo dating back to 1946, which strongly influenced the deterrence policy of the U.S. during the Cold War with its views.

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