This report provides a brief overview of the global and Baltic cyber threat landscape, with a particular view toward strategic threats to national and international security. The findings confirm the oft-stated view that cyber threats are becoming more numerous and sophisticated year after year and that increasing cooperation and investment are crucial to countering them. The report provides evidence for these claims primarily by examining and aggregating data from annual reports by global security companies and Baltic cyber security agencies, as well as from research papers focused on particular advanced actors and campaigns.
The report will introduce the prevailing trends in the global cyber environment, aggregate recent national perspectives to generate a regional Baltic threat assessment, and introduce the nation-state level actors that have been implicated in malicious cyber activities against the Baltics. It will also explore the state of industrial control systems cyber security in the Baltics because attacks against the critical infrastructure that utilizes those systems have the potential to cause the greatest physical destruction and economic harm. Additionally, the report will include an analysis of the strategic implications of these hazards and provide recommendations to strengthen public and private cyber security in the Baltics.The aim of the report is to provide decision-makers and analysts with a more complete understanding of the cyber threats to the Baltic region in order to facilitate the development of cooperative projects and encourage effective policy development.