In the current geopolitical situation, with the Ukrainian-Russian conflict threatening security in all of Europe, the role of military organisa-tions has become more important than ever. In Ukraine, defence volunteers and civil activ-ists have played an extremely important part in ensuring the security of their families and the independence of their country. However, the increased role of volunteers poses challenges for the leaders of military organisations, who are responsible for ensuring smooth coopera-tion with civil society, as well as the skilful ap-plication of volunteer units’ potential in military or paramilitary actions.
In this paper I reveal the study results among the service members of the Ukrainian Armed Forces and in voluntary units; I also compare them with the results from a previous ICDS study in military organisations in Estonia and Denmark. Opportunities to maintain and enhance leaders’ performance are analysed via the theory of personal motivational values. The primary study in Estonian and Danish military organisations can be found in the earlier report of the ICDS.