In some ways, the 2018 Swedish general parliamentary elections defied expectations. Despite intensive polling, few pollsters made even roughly correct predictions about the outcome. At the time of writing, though, the actual results are not quite all in.
The landscape of European security and defence cooperation has become a busy one. Last year, 25 of the 28 EU Member States signed up to commit to Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), spurring a wide array of specific cooperation projects and investment pledges.
NATO’s air defence capability has declined over the past decades, a period during which the Allies have usually been able to operate assuming air superiority. Russia’s air power, by contrast, has grown in size and sophistication.
The Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) of allied troops in NATO’s north-eastern flank (Baltic States and Poland), as decided at the Warsaw Summit in July 2016, is a clear expression of strong political solidarity and seasoned brotherhood in arms, just as in the case of out-of-area NATO, EU or coalition-led operations since 1995.