ICDS research fellow Ramon Loik contributed a chapter into the book „The Russian Federation in Global Knowledge Warfare. Influence Operations in Europe and Its Neighbourhood“ (Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2021) in cooperation with Victor Madeira from Cambridge Security Initiative. The book belongs to the series Contributions to International Relations.
The book analyzes the implications of Russian influence operations in various countries and regions and provides a comprehensive overview of new technologies and forms of strategic communication in hybrid warfare. The chapter written by Ramon Loik and Victor Madeira is entitled “European Union Strategy and Capabilities to Counter Hostile Influence Operations” and belongs to the second part of the book, about different aspects of influence operations, hybrid warfare and technological awareness.
The chapter analyses the complexity and effectiveness of European Union strategy to safeguard Europe’s and neighboring information environments as a common, security-driven policy domain. The authors conclude that the power of economic sanctions is Europe’s most credible deterrent and should be better used.
Find more information from the web page of the book: link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-73955-3.