Nordic-Baltic Region

From de-securitisation to re-securitisation: Sub-regional multilateralism around the Baltic Sea

This paper traces the development of sub-regional multilateralism around the Baltic Sea from the building of regional security via de-securitisation to cooperation through the re-securitisation of certain issues of common concern. We map the sub-regional cooperation formats in and around the Baltic Sea basin, trying to account for the factors that have contributed to their emergence and discuss their continuing relevance today. Our central aim is to capture the logic and dynamics of sub-regional cooperation in the Baltic Sea region by identifying the most significant shifts in sub-regional multilateralism over the last two decades.

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