Nordic-Baltic Region

Baltic-Nordic-US cooperation as a vehicle for democratic change

20 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Nordic-Baltic region stands out as Europe’s success story. The Baltic countries, which were seen by many as potential sources of tension in the early 1990s, have become stable democracies, firmly anchored in the Western institutions. The whole region has benefitted from the opening up of borders and the free movement of people, goods and capital; and in the aftermath of the 2008-2009 economic crisis it has become the corner of Europe where prudent and timely – in some cases even radical – measures have led to energetic economic growth, unburdened by excessive government debt.

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Albatros’ down

Such things happen, time and again, in the air forces of various countries. The “birdies” crash once in a while, no matter how reliable and well-maintained is the equipment, how good is the training or how experienced are the pilots. (Just ask the Finns about their pretty regular experience with losing their “Hornets”). A French “Mirage” and a Lithuanian “Albatros” apparently got a little too intimate during the routine training session near Šiauliai airbase in Lithuania and “kissed” each other mid-air. Tough love, “Albatros” down. Good luck though — no casualties at all.

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From de-securitisation to re-securitisation: Sub-regional multilateralism around the Baltic Sea

This paper traces the development of sub-regional multilateralism around the Baltic Sea from the building of regional security via de-securitisation to cooperation through the re-securitisation of certain issues of common concern. We map the sub-regional cooperation formats in and around the Baltic Sea basin, trying to account for the factors that have contributed to their emergence and discuss their continuing relevance today. Our central aim is to capture the logic and dynamics of sub-regional cooperation in the Baltic Sea region by identifying the most significant shifts in sub-regional multilateralism over the last two decades.

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