International military-technical aid is currently one of the key factors that can transform Ukraine’s security and defence capabilities, primarily those of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU), into an effective instrument to contain Russian aggression.
On 25 September, the ICDS report “Russia’s Electronic Warfare Capabilities to 2025: Challenging NATO in Electromagnetic Spectrum” was presented at the international symposium taking place at the Aviation College in Tartu, Estonia.
“ICDS’s study could not be more timely. This is a professional work that catalogues the seriousness of the threat without being unduly alarmist. It is fact based, from the detailed descriptions of Russian equipment and investment; through Moscow’s development of organisation and command structure; to accounts of training, tactics and operations. There is also a great discussion of Russian doctrine and how Russian electronic warfare fits into broader questions of cyber and psychological operations and how that convergence will further challenge NATO’s concepts and practices. I highly recommend this important work as the departure point for the Alliance rethinking and reshaping its response to a growing danger. ”
Gen. (ret.) Michael Hayden, former Director of the US National Security Agency and Central Intelligence Agency
A degraded security situation, the Brexit referendum and the election of a US President at best indifferent to European security matters have led the Member States to search for new security and defence solutions and for new ways to demonstrate European cohesion.
Since Russia’s entry into the conflict in Syria in September 2015, the top brass and defense ministry have devoted increasingly more attention to the procurement of high-precision weapons systems. The Russian military has used various types of conventional cruise missiles during its operations in Syria, which has provided ample opportunity to combat test these systems.
This ICDS Policy Paper was conceived as part of the on-going effort by the Baltic states to give substance to the idea of closer trilateral collaboration in the defence-related research and technology (R&T) area. In May 2010, the ministers of defence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania signed a Letter of Intent (LoI) concerning such collaboration, which is up for review in 2012. This LoI followed in the footsteps of a trilateral commitment of 2009 to establish a legal framework for R&T collaboration. The aim of the ICDS Policy Paper is to identify the areas of R&T in which collaboration between the Baltic states makes most sense, to determine the level of ambition they should aspire to and to propose a suitable ‘business model’ for such collaboration. It tries to take into account the experiences, current status, needs and future plans for R&T of each individual country, together with various contextual factors which may facilitate or, to the contrary, inhibit development of a collaborative R&T agenda. The paper was presented and its main findings as well as recommendations were discussed at the meeting of the national defence-related R&T coordinators of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, which took place on 25 April 2012 in Vilnius, Lithuania.