August 21, 2015

Summary

As Estonia faces two fundamental questions—migrants and Russia—Diplomaatia’s August edition tries to shed some light on these sensitive topics. Uku Särekanno, an immigration expert, writes about how fundamental the immigration issue has become for the European Union.

“Europe has swum from one crisis to another over the last 60 years, developing throughout and correcting the mistakes,” says Särekanno. “But the migration crisis is essentially unique, since numerous variables are not controlled by the governments of the member states.”
Gert Teder, an Estonian rescue expert, gives an overview of how the rescue mechanism works and what it takes to send aid to affected areas.
Oliver Ait, an Asian expert at the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute, writes about the changes in China’s foreign policy. According to Ait, China is no more satisfied with its non-intervention policy, but as an emerging great power China is interested in protecting its interests abroad. This means a more aggressive foreign policy.
In an interview with Diplomaatia, Sergey Mironenko, director of the Russian state archives, is convinced that Russians are afraid of their own history. Unlike many of his countrymen, Mironenko believes that the Nazi–Soviet Pact of 1939 was criminal.
Mironenko reminds us that the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact enabled Hitler to conquer Europe by feeding his own country with food originating from the Soviet Union. Moreover, Germany had an acute shortage of oil for her tanks, planes and cars, and the Soviet Union supplied this to Germany. “Hitler’s army was fed and supplied by the Soviet Union, and Hitler’s tanks were covered with armour made from rare metals obtained from the Soviet Union,” Mironenko explains.
Kalev Stoicescu, Research Fellow at the International Centre for Defence and Security, writes about the future of Russia. He says that one cannot expect rapid change in Russia and that the confrontation between the West and Russia will continue.
“Estonia and its allied neighbours, in fact all the European countries, must minimise the negative consequences and military threat deriving from Russia’s policy,” Stoicescu writes. “The guarantees for Estonia’s independence and security are not only NATO and the EU, but foremost ourselves.”
And Ago Gaškov and Aimar Ventsel review several books on Russia.
“Mihail Meltyuhov’s latest book is a thorough piece of research that aims to demonstrate how the Baltic States are merely territories that a world power needs to ensure its security,” writes Gaškov. “

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