December 31, 2014

Integrating Estonia’s Russian-Speaking Population: Findings of National Defense Opinion Surveys

Over the last 14 years, Estonia has accumulated a wealth of knowledge about security perceptions and attitudes towards national defense and state institutions held by ethnic Estonians and non-Estonians. In this paper, Juhan Kivirähk, a former ICDS senior research fellow of ICDS and a leading figure in Estonian sociology, utilizes his detailed experience in carrying out the surveys themselves to identify key lessons learned from this body of work. He presents a decade-long overview of the similarities, differences, and changes in those perceptions and attitudes, while also offering some valuable insights about their drivers. His findings and conclusions raise concerns but offer also a glimmer of hope.

Over the last 14 years, Estonia has accumulated a wealth of knowledge about security perceptions and attitudes towards national defense and state institutions held by ethnic Estonians and non-Estonians. In this paper, Juhan Kivirähk, a former ICDS senior research fellow of ICDS and a leading figure in Estonian sociology, utilizes his detailed experience in carrying out the surveys themselves to identify key lessons learned from this body of work. He presents a decade-long overview of the similarities, differences, and changes in those perceptions and attitudes, while also offering some valuable insights about their drivers. His findings and conclusions raise concerns but offer also a glimmer of hope.

Download: Integrating Estonia’s Russian-Speaking Population: Findings of National Defense Opinion Surveys (PDF)