United States of America

From Non-Recognition to the Exchange of Diplomats: US Baltic Policy in August–September 1991

On 27 August 1991, five days after the coup in Moscow had collapsed and Estonia and Latvia had joined Lithuania in declaring that they had restored their de facto independence, Estonian foreign minister Lennart Meri telephoned me. “Paul,” he said, “no one here expected the US to be the first” to recognise Estonia’s independence, “but at the current rate other countries are doing so, you’re not going to make the top 25”.

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Black Sea Battles

Russia’s actions in Ukraine have radically altered the European security equation, with the Black Sea region becoming an acutely contested zone between Russia and NATO. The juxtaposition of NATO members Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey on the western and southern coasts of the Black Sea, and Russia and Ukraine on the other coasts, creates an inherently explosive mix.

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More of America!

US involvement in our region is the best contribution to the preservation of a world order based on principles and values, and has nothing to do with a geopolitical struggle.

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