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Publications

Hybrid Atoms: Rosatom in Europe and Nuclear Energy in Belarus

In late 2020, Belarus inaugurated the Astravyets Nuclear Power Plant (Astravyets NPP). This facility – funded by the Russian government and built by the Russian state-owned corporation Rosatom – is one that Lithuania considers a threat to its national security. The project has already been causing frictions in the Baltic region that are yet to be resolved; the situation is emblematic of why and how Moscow is advancing its interests by exploiting the nuclear energy aspirations of various countries in Europe.

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Impacts of Climate Policy on Estonian Energy Security

ICDS researchers took a close look at the Estonia’s energy security, current challenges it faces to meet the climate targets and possible outcomes of the climate policies implementation on security of energy supplies and sustainability. The report provides an overview and in depth analyses of possible measures for future implementation of Climate policy guidelines developed by the working group assembled by the Ministry of Environmental Affairs. Authors highlight the importance to count both costs and security effects and understand relative importance of certain areas to ensure balanced climate policy implementation.

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Baltic Energy Interconnections Maps

As part of its mission to sharpen strategic thinking and inform public debate on issues of critical importance to the security of Estonia and the Euro-Atlantic community, the International Centre for Defence Studies is pleased to present this series of maps of energy connections–oil& gas as well as electricity–of the Baltic region. The product of intensive original research, these maps clearly and accurately depict all current, projected, and proposed pipelines and power lines to and from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Uniquely, they also present up-to-date information on the type and capacity of each connection and facility (updated 22.07.2013).

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Cyber threats, energy security and NATO’s Article 5

ICDS researcher Maria Mälksoo presented her paper on the possibility of regarding cyber and energy security challenges in the context of NATO’s Article 5 at the conference ‘The Future of NATO’s Nuclear Deterrent: The New Strategic Concept and the 2010 NPT Review Conference’ at the NATO Defence College in Rome, on 2 March 2010.

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A View from the Frontline: Estonian Experience

“The Baltic states are where NATO is at its weakest and Russia, its strongest,” ICDS Director Sven Sakkov provides a sobering view of the threats and developments from the frontline states of NATO’s Eastern Flank in the recent NATO Defense College Research Paper “The Alliance Five Years after Crimea: Implementing the Wales Summit Pledges”.

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